殘疾人奧運會 Paralympic Games

首項專為殘疾人士而設的賽事在1948年奧林匹克運動會開幕當天舉行,而首個依循奧林匹克運動會模式專為殘疾運動員而設的運動會則於1960年緊接奧運會在羅馬舉行,這屆比賽被視為第一屆殘疾人奧運會(殘奧)。由1960年開始,殘奧逐漸發展成為僅次於奧林匹克運動會的體壇大事,並定為四年一度,與奧林匹克運動會同年舉行,兩個奧運會自1988年起在同一城市及場地舉行。

1996年,智障首次成為殘奧的其中一個殘障類別。然而僅僅四年後,全球的智障運動員卻因為西班牙籃球員於2000殘奧假冒智障而奪金一事遭國際殘奧會禁止參賽,禁賽令一直維持至2009年,在各方組織協調磋商和級別鑑定機制日趨成熟下方告解禁,令智障運動健兒在2012年重新踏上殘奧這個殘疾人體育界的最高舞台。


The first Games for athletes with disabilities was held on the day of the Opening Ceremony of the 1948 Olympic Games. Considered to be the first ever Paralympic Games, Olympic style Games for athletes with a disability was organized in Rome in 1960, immediately after the Olympic Games. After 1960, the Paralympic Games have evolved into a major sports event, second only to the Olympic Games and have been held every four years, the same year as the Olympic Games. Both Olympic and Paralympic Games have always taken place at the same venue since 1988.

In 1996, intellectual disability became one of the disability categories in the Paralympic Games for the first time. After four years, athletes with intellectual disability worldwide were unfortunately banned from the Games because the Spanish basketball team was found filled with able bodies to achieve the gold medal in the 2000 Paralympics. After years of negotiation between the corresponding organizations and the development of a mature classification mechanism, the ban was finally lifted in 2009, giving athletes an invaluable opportunity to return and compete with world elites in the 2012 Paralympics.



本會運動員於歷屆殘疾人奧運會成績一覽
Result Summary of HKSAPID Delegates in Paralympic Games

日期
Date
地點
Venue
本會參加人
HKSAPID Athelete Number
項目
Event
獎牌
Medal

Gold

Silver

Bronze
總數
Total
 
2016
巴西里約熱內盧
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4
游泳
Swimming
1
-
-
1
乒乓球
Table Tennis
-
-
1
1
小計
Sub-total
1
0
1
2
2012
英國倫敦
London, UK
7
田徑
Athletics
-
-
-
-
游泳
Swimming
-
-
2
2
乒乓球
Table Tennis
1
1
-
2
小計
Sub-total
1
1
2
4
2008
中國北京
Beijing, China
0
-
-
-
-
2004
希臘雅典
Athens, Greece
2
1*
-
-
1
2000
澳洲悉尼
Sydney, Australia
9
1
1
-
2
1996
美國阿特蘭大
Atlanta, US
0
-
-
-
-
*2004 年對智障運動員的參賽禁令仍未解除,故只設乒乓球示範項目。
The participation ban on athletes with intellectual disability had not been lifted in 2004 so ID athletes could only take part in table tennis demonstration games.
 
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